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“It’s nice to put in a new transmitter, increase the HD level, and actually see a reduction in power consumption!”

-Bryan Hubert, Chief Engineer, Crista Media

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“This GV40 transmitter is the 7th Nautel transmitter Crista Media has on the air with its 4 stations. We love these boxes.”

-Bryan Hubert, Chief Engineer, Crista Media

Orcas Island transport

How the Nautel GV40 got to Orcas Island; via Washington State Ferry then local truck, complete with dog in the front seat!

First GV40 Transmitter Installed


Located off the northwestern corner of San Juan County, WA, is Orcas Island, the largest of the San Juan Islands. Most of this beautiful, horseshoe-shaped island’s 57 square miles are rural and hilly. During April, 2014, KWPZ installed the first Nautel GV40 transmitter on Mount Constitution, near the island’s highest point at 2,409 feet, high above Puget Sound. Playing a contemporary Christian format at 106.5 MHz (FM), the station serves Northwest Washington, Metro Vancouver, Victoria, and the Fraser Valley.


Because the transmitter was the first GV40 built (serial number H0101), it was shipped to Orcas Island direct from the exhibition floor of NAB 2014. Station personnel, Tim Vik and I (Bryan Hubert) then spent a couple of 15-hour days unpacking and installing the transmitter. A lot of that time was spent getting to and from the transmitter site on board a Washington State Ferry, part the United States’ largest ferry system.


The transmitter was certainly packed with love. We could feel it as we tore the walls off the crate.

Tim Vik with the new GV40.

Tim Vik with the new GV40.

The 3-phase wiring that powered the previous transmitter was the correct size for powering the new GV40 and luckily turned out to be just long enough to reach the new transmitter.

Tim was really impressed with the GV40 AUI. Even though it was his first time playing with the AUI, he quickly figured out how to review alarms and set up presets. After wiring up the control and metering, connecting the 3” coax output, setting the IP numbers, and feeding AC to the UPS option that feeds the controller and exciter, the transmitter was ready to go.

Mt. Constitution Sites engineer, Erling, commented on the improved layout changes of the new GV40 compared to the NV20 (KAFE) and NV30 (KISM), located in a different facility on Mt. Constitution.

One thing we underestimated with the installation was the power needed to run the controller/exciter. When we first tried to turn on the transmitter it tripped the 1 kva UPS unit that also powered an adjacent equipment rack, knocking the station off the air for a couple of minutes. That’s when we discovered that the UPS option not only feeds the controller, but also the power supplies that power the two exciters (we ordered the standby exciter option) which can draw up to 14 amps when powering up the transmitter and 9 amps when running normally. Putting the transmitter on the air was delayed until we acquired a new Staco 2 kva UPS, dedicated to the GV40. The exciter output can actually put out 500 watts of RF, feeding the output modules directly, eliminating the IPA normally found in transmitters. This accounted for the extra power needed to run it.

Bryan Hubert with the Nautel GV40.

Bryan Hubert with the Nautel GV40

I was surprised when I measured the 3-phase amps feeding the transmitter running at 25.5 kw and it looked like the GV40 was drawing a good 20 amps less per phase at -14 than the previous transmitter running at -20. It’s nice to put in a new transmitter, increase the HD level, and actually see a reduction in power consumption! And we still have headroom if we should ever want to raise the HD level again.

We also found that the lowest power level we could set to minimize tower worker exposure was 4 kW FM+HD. We normally try to reduce power to 10%, 2.5kw. Nautel is looking at a way for us to reduce power to a lower level.

We are still playing with AUI settings for ‘Power Boost’ and ‘Optimizer’ to see what trade offs in reception we observe. So far it looks like going with the ‘high efficiency’ mode has little impact on my car radio when listening 65 miles from the transmitter site. I think we will be experimenting with this for a while longer.

There are a number of cool features in the AUI which we haven’t yet implemented but are contemplating, like the ability to control other equipment with the extra GPIOs (General Purpose Inputs-Outputs). Our present remote control is not set-up for logging and we’re contemplating using the ‘Call Home’ feature that uses servers at Nautel to do the logging.

All in all, this transmitter is really cool. A big step forward for KWPZ and we’re confident, given Nautel’s reputation and experience with solid-state technology, that it will be more reliable than the previous transmitter. This GV40 transmitter is the 7th Nautel transmitter Crista Media has on the air with its 4 stations. We love these boxes!

Bryan Hubert, Chief Engineer, Crista Media
KWPZ – Lynden, WA

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